How to Understand the Quality of Silk?

How to Understand the Quality of Silk?

Silk is an amazing fabric - soft and luxurious. However, although it is very beautiful, not all silk products created equal. Let's take a deeper look into understanding the silk quality.

Silk - one of the oldest traded fabrics and one of the most luxurious.

Today silk is measured in Momme. Introduced by the Japanese traders, the Momme is the unit of measurement for silk fabric texture: the higher the thread count the better the quality. If a piece of fabric weighs 20 pounds then you could expect the Momme weight of that silk would be around 20.

There are many different types of silk, such as Crepe de chine, chiffon and smooth satin. The strongest fabric of them all is raw silk. There are two main categories of silk: wild and cultivated, the last forming the majority of the world’s traded silk. Each type has different qualities as well as its weight; examples of how the Momme can vary between types of silk can be seen here:

Habutai silk – 5 to 16 Momme weight

Raw silk – 35 to 40 Momme weight

Chiffon – 6 to 8 Momme weight

Gauze – 3 to 5 Momme weight

The silk Momme weight reflects the price and quality you can expect from the fabric - generally the higher the Momme weight is, the better the quality, the more resilient the fabric is and the more you’ll have to pay.